When larvae and pupae develop in the hive, Africanised honeybees in particular attack invaders to defend the colony. Working bees are generally not aggressive or defensive during foraging or swarm activity. They communicate with other working bees by using dances to provide information about the condition of their colony, such as the location of food and water sources. Sources: 5

Honeybees are exposed to many types of predators, with some attacking the bees themselves and others consuming the wax and food stored in the hive. Some adult bees sting, making them a nuisance to both humans and animals. The honey, beeswax, pollen and royal jelly produced by the honeybee are considered useful and pollinate many fruits, vegetables and ornamental flowers. Sources: 5, 7

Wasp colonies are known to attack bee colonies en masse and can wipe out a hive with an attack. Among the important invertebrate enemies of adult bees are opossums (Didelphis), known as beewolves and toads (Bufo). They can reach the entrance of the hive and sit and eat many workers, as well as opossums and Didelphis. Sources: 7

Beekeepers breed domesticated honeybee colonies for a variety of reasons, including their health and safety, their ability to pollinate crops, and the health of the people themselves. Sources: 0

The honeybee is considered the most charismatic and representative species and is one of only a handful of recognised species worldwide. However, there are many other bee species, such as honeybees, that deserve our interest and respect. There are a number of species that are recognized, the most popular and well-known being the western honeybees. Sources: 0

Scientifically known as Apis mellifera, it is one of the most common bee species in the world with a population of about 1.5 million bees. Sources: 1

Seed plants produce fruit because pollinators such as bees and butterflies pollinate them by inadvertently transporting pollen from male to female flower parts. About a third of our food chain is the result of pollination, and it is estimated that three to four quarters of all flowering plants require a pollinator to produce fruit. A female bee can visit several hundred flowers in a single day, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Food and Drug Administration. Sources: 1, 3

Honeybees contribute nearly $20 billion to the value of US crop production each year and play an enormous role in global food production. California’s almond industry, for example, requires nearly a million acres of orchards to pollinate, and honeybees pollinate more than one-third of the state’s almonds. Sources: 3

According to the US Department of Agriculture (USDA), beekeepers are losing more honeybees than at any time since the survey began 13 years ago. Sources: 3

In the United States, bees are estimated to pollinate more than 30% of the food we eat and are responsible for pollinating more than $15 billion worth of plants annually. Besides pollination, honeybees also produce other products that humans use, including honey, milk, eggs, nuts, seeds, fruits and vegetables, and honey. Commercial beekeepers maintain 2,000 or more colonies, while amateur beekeepers may have only one. Sources: 4

Among the more popular equipment styles are the Langstroth beehives, which are most commonly used in the United States. European honeybees are managed and honeybee pathogens and pests have spread throughout the world as a result of their spread. Sources: 4

European honeybees in the United States are susceptible to a variety of viral, fungal and bacterial infections, including but not limited to: Deformed Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, E. coli, West Nile virus and other pathogens. Sources: 4

European honeybees are also home to introduced species such as the Varroa mite, and there are also a number of other pests, especially honeybee mites, moths and other insects. Sources: 0, 4

APs) were imported to the USA in the mid-19th century and have become one of the most important pollinators of plants and animals in North America. The leaf cutter bee (Megachilidae spp.) is a hard-working pollinator that can transport pollen from alfalfa, an important crop. It is a popular species, often associated with spring flowers and lazy, sunny days. Sources: 0, 2

The cold winters in northern Europe encouraged bees to collect excess honey for winter food and forced them to develop their hibernation strategy of clustering for warmth. These traits have helped honeybees thrive in North America, but they did not fare so well when imported from South America. Brazilian scientists imported colonies of Apis mellifera scutellata from Tanzania to breed a productive honeybee adapted to tropical climates. Sources: 2

Over the long history of beekeeping and scientific studies, honey beekeeping has been optimized for a wide range of conditions, from warm, humid climates to cold, dry and humid climates. Sources: 6

To study honeybees, a large number of readily available individuals must be bred in the same hives where the bee colony is kept. Colony – Layer replication requires each individual to be treated as an independent data point, which turns this disadvantage into a disadvantage in terms of the number and quality of data points available for study. 

Cited Sources